How To Take Care Of A Stroke Patient
To take care of a stroke patient, one should know, what is Stroke. Here is a brief information :
Definition of Stroke :
A stroke is a condition where a blood clot or ruptured artery or blood vessel interrupts blood flow to an area of the brain.
Types of Stroke :
There are two types of stroke –
a) Ischemic Stroke
b) Hemorrhagic Stroke
Stroke Complication :
A stroke may cause temporary or permanent disabilities, i.e :
A) Swelling in the brain
B) Difficulty in talking and swallowing
C) Bladder control problems
F) Difficulty in moving limbs
G) Memory loss
Care / Recovery of stroke patient :
1) Vitals parameters : should be monitored strictly to know the variations and to have a first line treatment plan.
2) Medicines : should be administered regularly according to the treating Doctor.
3) Therapy : Stroke survivors can benefit enormously from different therapies though some disabilities may be permanent. Brain injury due to stoke can change the way patient move, feel, think or speak. The effects are greatest right after the attack. Over time, most people will make improvements.
Stroke rehabilitation programs can help, though it will not cure or reverse brain damage. The types of therapy will depend on which part of the brain was damaged. The therapies are :
a) Speech Therapy
b) Physical Therapy and strength training
c) Occupational Therapy (re-learning skills required for daily living)
4) Nutrition : Patient should be kept well nourished through intravenous or through Ryle’s Tube, if the patient is having difficulty in swallowing, to avoid further complications.
5) Personal Hygiene : Daily sponge bath / bathroom bath, clothes changing , mouth care etc has to be taken care to keep good personal hygiene. If the patient is connected to any tubes (such as Tracheostomy, RT, Foley’s catheter), care of the same needs to be taken to avoid infections.
6) Psychological Counseling: Counseling is also an important factor to motivate the patient.
7) Family support: Once the patient is out of danger and in recovering stage family members should give moral support which will boost the patient’s will power to cope-up with the treatment plan and to fasten the recovery.