Roles Of A Caregiver
What is the role of a care giver? Your answer probably depends on the experiences that you have had in the past. The images of care giver in the media also paint a different picture. However, a care giver has a number of roles that he or she performs, often at the same time, depending on a patient’s needs. A care giver provides hands-on care to patients in a variety of settings which includes taking care of the physical needs, which can range from total care (doing everything for someone) to helping a patient with illness prevention. The care giver maintains a patient’s dignity while providing knowledgeable, skilled care. With all of the changes in healthcare over the last few decades, that role has expanded even more. Let’s explore a few of these roles.
Holistic care: The care giver cares holistically for a patient. It emphasizes that the whole person is greater than the sum of their parts. This means that care giver also address psychosocial, developmental, cultural, and spiritual needs. The role of caregiver includes all of the tasks and skills that we associate with nursing care, but also includes the other elements that make up the whole person.
Decision maker: The care giver should use critical thinking skills to make decisions, set goals, and promote outcomes for a patient. These critical thinking skills include assessing the patient, identifying the problem, planning and implementing interventions, and evaluating the outcomes. A care giver uses clinical judgment, his or her ability to discern what is best for the patient to determine the best course of action for the patient.
Communicator: The best care giver understands that effective communication techniques can help improve the healthcare environment. Barriers to effective communication can inhibit the healing process. The care giver has to communicate effectively with the patient and family members as well as other members of the healthcare team. In addition, the care giver is responsible for written communication, or patient charting, which is a key component to continuity of care.
Manager of care: She or he has to ensure that the patient’s care is cohesive. The care giver directs and coordinates care by both professionals and nonprofessionals to confirm that a patient’s goals are being met. She is also responsible for continuity of care extended to a long term care at home. Care giver plays a role of a leader for planning and implementing the care to the patient.
Patient advocate: This may be the most important of all roles. As a patient advocate, the care giver’s responsibility is to protect a patient’s rights. When a person is sick, they are unable to act as they might when they are well. The care giver acts on the patient’s behalf and supports their decisions, standing up for his or her best interests at all times. This can empower a patient while recognizing that a patient’s values supersede the health care providers.
Teacher: The care giver help patients learn about their health, medications, treatments, and procedures as well as deal with challenges they may face during and after their illness. Patients often have questions and might be confused about all that is happening to them. As a teacher, the care giver may also need to instruct family members about how they can help a patient. In addition, discharge instructions, or instructions about what to do once they are not in a hospital setting, are important so that a patient can easily care for themselves at home.
It’s a fact that the person who’s been there for everyone else requires someone to be there for them at one point of time. The former first lady of USA Mrs. Rosalynn Carter said that “there are only four kinds of people in the world those who have been caregivers, those who are currently care givers, those who will be care givers, and who will need care givers”. So let us see which role of these we will be going to take first?.